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3 Preparedness

3.1 Levels of Service

In accordance with established Levels of Service, the Canadian Coast Guard is required to have a preparedness capacity for response to ship-source marine pollution incidents.

The National Environmental Response Program Office will:

In accordance with the established Levels of Service, the following Service Standards have been developed:

3.2 Contingency Planning

Canadian Coast Guard Headquarters, Operations, National Environmental Response Program Office, is the custodian of the Marine Spills Contingency Plan – National Chapter, and is responsible for:

The Regional Environmental Response program is responsible for developing and managing their Regional Chapter and Geographically Specific Response Plans in accordance with the standards in Annex C.1 Geographically Specific Response Plans. They are also responsible for developing and maintaining productive working relationships with all internal and external support agencies, clients and stakeholders in their respective Regions.

3.2.1 Regional Risk Based Response Planning

In light of recommendations highlighted by the Tanker Safety Panel’s Phase 1 report “A Review of Canada’s Ship-source Oil Spill Preparedness and Response Regime – Setting the Course for the Future”, the Government of Canada is presently collaboratively developing and implementing tailored regional risk-based response plans in areas across the country. Response plans are intended to take geography, environmental sensitivities, traffic volumes, and local partners and stakeholders into consideration.

3.3 Training

The goal of training is to provide the necessary skills and knowledge for responders to conduct their duties and functions effectively during the response to a marine pollution incident.

The Director, Operational Personnel, Canadian Coast Guard, is responsible for the overall management of the training program.

3.3.1 National Training Program

The Canadian Coast Guard National Training Program is comprised of on-the-job training and a series of courses designed to provide the necessary skills and knowledge to respond safely and effectively to a marine pollution incident. The curriculum for the program is held by the Professional Development and Certification, Operational Personnel, Operations, Canadian Coast Guard Headquarters, with curriculum development support provided by the Marine Education Unit of the Canadian Coast Guard College. Canadian Coast Guard Regions are responsible for delivering the National Training Program in accordance with the National Training Plan and participating in curriculum development and revision.

Environmental Response related courses are as follows:

3.3.2 National Training Plan

The goal of the National Training Plan is to outline how the Environmental Response program will develop and maintain a skilled workforce to respond to marine pollution incidents. The National Training Plan is based on competency profiles specific to each position within the Environmental Response and Incident Command System organizational structure.

Identified competencies are achieved using formal and informal training opportunities from both internal and external sources.

Canadian Coast Guard Fleet and other departmental staff that can support the execution of an Environmental Response led operation will be identified within the National Training Plan.

3.4 Quality Assurance

The Quality Assurance section is responsible for the audit, evaluation and analysis of all components of the National Environmental Response System. System, planning and training gaps will be identified through examination of exercises, case documentation and case studies. Its recommendations will form part of workplan objectives and drive the National Exercise Program. It will execute national level exercises and assist in regional events.

Specifically, the quality assurance program will be responsible for:

3.4.1 Exercise

Exercises are realistic simulations of various types of marine pollution incidents and can range from a simple alerting exercise to a full-scale deployment of personnel and equipment. The Environmental Response program will conduct exercises in accordance with its National Exercise Program. National Exercise Program

The goal of the National Exercise Program is to reinforce the necessary skills and knowledge required by responders in response to a marine pollution incident. The National Exercise Program provides the framework through which exercises can be organized, coordinated and guided. It is a set of guiding principles and planning tools that have been developed to help achieve maximum benefit from marine spill response exercises. The National Exercise Program is managed by Incident Management, Operations, Canadian Coast Guard Headquarters. National Exercise Plan

The National Exercise Plan is maintained by Incident Management, Operations, Canadian Coast Guard Headquarters, with input from the Regions and provides a schedule of exercises that focus on the fundamental elements of a response. The plan is designed to evaluate training as well as to evaluate the effectiveness of procedures, equipment and resources identified in contingency plans. Exercises are conducted over the training period, which normally occurs over the spring, summer and fall months.

The Environmental Response National Program Office and Canadian Coast Guard Regions are responsible for designing and conducting drills and exercises to practice, validate and reinforce plans, systems and strategies. When appropriate, this will be done in coordination with internal and external support agencies and clients. A Post-Exercise Review and Evaluation report is required for all exercises in accordance with guidelines outlined in Chapter 11 of the National Exercise Program.

3.5 Canadian Coast Guard Resources

3.5.1 Pollution Response Equipment

The Canadian Coast Guard has an established equipment capacity and supporting infrastructure to facilitate monitoring or response operations in each Region. The Canadian Coast Guard maintains more than 80 response equipment depot sites across the country, including 22 sites in the Arctic, which include containment, recovery and storage equipment. In addition, Canadian Coast Guard vessels that sail in the Arctic are equipped with pollution response equipment. The following graphic depicts the general location of the Canadian Coast Guard response equipment and regional and district offices that house Environmental Response personnel.

Figure 2: Canadian Coast Guard Offices and Equipment Depots

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Text version: Canadian Coast Guard Offices and Equipment Depots

Canadian Coast Guard Offices and Equipment Depots


  • Staffed Facility
    • St. John’s
    • Dartmouth
    • Charlottetown
    • Saint John
    • Port Hastings
  • Unstaffed Facility
    • Come By Chance
    • Burgeo
    • Goose Bay (seasonal)
    • Twillingate
    • Burin
    • Stephenville
    • Lark Harbour
    • Port au Chois
    • St. Anthony
    • CCGS Henry Larsen (seasonal)
    • CCGS Terry Fox (seasonal)
    • Argentia
    • Shippegan (seasonal)
    • Belledune
    • Chatham
    • Louisbourg
    • Port Bickerton
    • Sambro
    • Clark’s Harbour
    • Yarmouth
    • Westport
    • Grand Manan
    • St. Andrews
    • CCGC Sydney
    • St. Andrews
    • Summerside (seasonal)
    • Souris (seasonal)
    • Alberton (seasonal)
    • Chedicamp (seasonal)

Central and Arctic

  • Staffed Facility
    • Quebec City
  • Unstaffed Facitilty
    • Sorel
    • Sept-Îles
    • Baie de Gaspé
    • Îles-de-la-Madeleine

Great Lakes Sector

  • Staffed Facility
    • Prescott
    • Parry Sound
    • Sarnia (staffed, no equipment)
  • Unstaffed Facility
    • Kingston
    • Cobourg
    • Port Dover
    • Port Weller
    • Amherstburg
    • Goderich
    • Thunder Bay
    • Tobermory
    • Meaford
    • Sault Ste. Marie

Arctic Sector

  • Unstaffed Facility
    • Holman
    • Kugluktuk
    • Cambridge Bay
    • Gjoa Haven
    • Resolute Bay
    • Arctic Bay
    • Churchill
    • Clyde River
    • Iqaluit
    • Cape Dorset
    • Coral Harbor
    • Rankin Inlet
    • Tuktoyaktuk
    • Broughton Island
    • Hall Beach
    • Pond Inlet
    • Baker Lake
    • Chesterfield Inlet
    • Kimmirut
    • Pangnirtung


  • Staffed Facility
    • Richmond
    • Victoria
    • Prince Rupert
    • Kitsilano
  • Unstaffed Facility
    • Queen Charlotte City
    • Masset
    • Sandspit
    • Port Hardy
    • Campbell River
    • Powell River
    • Tofino
    • Bamfield
    • Ganges
    • French Creek
    • Bella Bella
    • Bella Coola
    • Kitimat
    • Ucluelet
    • Shearwater
    • Gimli
    • Yellowknife
    • Hay River

3.5.2 Life Cycle Management

Although resources from various areas are available to the Canadian Coast Guard, the Canadian Coast Guard is only responsible for maintaining the preparedness of its own resources. To ensure a nationally consistent and effective state of preparedness, Integrated Technical Services personnel use MAXIMO® to track, repair and maintain assets. This system:

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