Terminology

Alternative Response Measures
Response methods or techniques other than mechanical containment or recovery. Alternative response technologies may include use of chemical dispersant, in-situ burning, bioremediation, surface washing agents, herding agents, or other alternatives.
Assisting Agency
Any agency or organization providing personnel, services or other resources to the agency with direct responsibility for incident management. An assisting agency may be any federal, provincial/territorial, or local government department, agency or board, any commercial or private organization, any individual in Canada or any government, commercial or private organization or individual in another country.
Canadian Coast Guard National Marine Spills Contingency Plan
A consolidation of the National and Regional Chapters which detail the Canadian Coast Guard’s roles and responsibilities when responding to a pollution incident.
Canadian Waters
Pursuant to the Interpretation Act, Canadian water is defined as the territorial sea of Canada and the internal waters of Canada.
Emergency Operations Centre
The pre-designated facility established by an agency or jurisdiction to coordinate the overall agency of jurisdictional response and support to an emergency. The Emergency Operations Centre coordinates information and resources to support domestic incident management activities.
Environmental Response Concept of Operations
The document that outlines the overall framework for a revised and improved Environmental Response program for the Canadian Coast Guard.
Environmental Response Deputy Superintendent
The position organized by sector or to address sector or span of control workload in each of the Canadian Coast Guard Region responsible for daily operational direction of the Regional Environmental Response Team and program support elements.
Environmental Response Duty Officer
A staff member of the Environmental Response program responsible for responding to reports of marine pollution on a 24/7 basis.
Environmental Response Manual
The document that contains the framework through which the Environmental Response program delivers its mandate. All policies, procedures, processes and directives can be found in this document.
Environmental Response Operational Governance Committee
A committee of federal government departments to provide consistency with respect to policy and strategic operational issues and initiatives as it relates to the Environmental Response Program.
Environmental Response Superintendent
The individual in each Canadian Coast Guard Region responsible for the execution of the Environmental Response Levels of Service 1.
Environmental Response Team
Environmental Response Program staff responsible for ongoing preparedness activities who will respond in whole or in part as a team when required to augment the Primary Environmental Response Team (PERT) when an incident exceeds its capacity.
Geographically Specific Response Plans
Provides detailed information to be used by first responders and is a sub-component of the Regional Chapter. Geographically Specific Response Plans cover specific geographical areas within a Canadian Coast Guard Region.
Hazardous and Noxious Substance
Includes any unknown or incompletely identified material or mixture, any pollutant other than oil, or any material regulated as a “Dangerous Chemical”, “Noxious Liquid Substance”, “Dangerous Bulk Material”, or “Dangerous Good” under the Canada Shipping Act, 2001, or Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992 or other goods of a dangerous nature. For the purposes of this document Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) products are categorized separately.
Incident Action Plan
An oral or written plan containing general objectives reflecting the overall strategy for managing an incident. It may include the identification of operational resources and assignments. It may also include attachments that provide direction and important information for management of the incident during an operational period.
Incident Commander
The individual responsible for all incident activities, including the development of strategies and tactics and the ordering and release of resources. The Incident Commander has overall authority and responsibility for conducting incident operations and is responsible for the management of all incident operations at the incident site.
Incident Command Post
The field location at which the primary tactical-level, on-scene incident command functions are performed. The Incident Command Post may be co-located with the incident base or other incident facilities.
Incident Command System
A standardized on-scene emergency management tool specifically designed to allow its user(s) to adopt an integrated organizational structure equal to the complexity and demands of single or multiple incidents, without being hindered by jurisdictional boundaries.
Incident Management Team
The Incident Commander and appropriate Command and General Staff personnel assigned to an incident under the Incident Command System.
Initial Response Operations
The actions taken by the Canadian Coast Guard or polluter immediately after the assessment of a marine pollution incident by the Environmental Response Duty Officer; these actions include, but are not limited to, immediate steps to control the source or threat of pollution and mitigate pollution damage.
Life Cycle Management
The process for procuring, utilizing, maintaining and disposing of an asset.
Maritime Security and Intelligence
Responsible for national and maritime security policy, interdepartmental and international coordination of national and maritime security issues, the development and implementation of CCG’s contribution to the Marine Security Operations Centres.
Marine Pollution Incident
When a pollutant enters, or has the potential to enter, Canadian waters, regardless of source.
Marine Pollution Incident Reporting System (MPIRS)
The application used by the Canadian Coast Guard to record marine pollution incidents and response actions taken.
Minister
The Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard.
Mobile Incident Command Post
A mobile facility that houses the Incident Command Post.
National Aerial Surveillance Program
A program administered by Transport Canada mainly for pollution prevention purposes. It consists of 3 aircraft with dedicated pollution surveillance equipment that detect and report on illegal discharges from ships sailing in Canadian waters.
National Command Centre (Formerly National Coordination Centre)
The centre at Canadian Coast Guard Headquarters responsible for providing an information focal point for Canadian Coast Guard Senior Management in the event of an incident affecting Canadian Coast Guard resources and/or personnel.
National Environmental Response Program Office
The Section at Canadian Coast Guard Headquarters under the Director of Incident Management responsible for the national management of the Environmental Response program.
National Exercise Program
The overall framework through which exercises can be organized, coordinated and guided. It is a set of guiding principles and planning tools for the development and execution of marine spill response exercises.
National Incident Management Team
The Canadian Coast Guard Incident Management Team at the Headquarters level that is responsible to the Commissioner for the conduct of strategic level planning related to incidents or the threat of incidents unfolding that may garner national interest and could have an impact on the Canadian Coast Guard.
National Environmental Response Team
The human resource component of a coordinated national environmental response system that allows the cascading of resources from all Canadian Coast Guard Regions to the impacted Region in order to augment the response.
National Strategies
The program at Canadian Coast Guard Headquarters that provides national strategic program policy development for six mandated programs including: Icebreaking, Search and Rescue, Aids to Navigation, Waterways, Marine Communications and Traffic Services, and Environmental Response.
Oil
Petroleum in any form including crude oil, fuel oil, sludge, oil refuse and refined products. (Canada Shipping Act, 2001, Part 8).
Operational Business
Provides national analysis, planning, monitoring, and reporting for shore and fleet operations, and provides cost recovery and claims services for the Environmental Response program, as well as Ship-Source Oil Pollution Fund (SOPF) liaison functions.
Pollutant
Any substance that, if added to any waters, would degrade the quality of those waters to an extent that is detrimental to their use by humans or by any animal, fish or plant that is useful to humans. (Canada Shipping Act, 2001, Part 8)
Polluter
The owner of a vessel or oil handling facility that is the source of a discharge of a pollutant into Canadian Waters. The term “polluter” is largely interchangeable with the term “Responsible Party” and may be used by other agencies.
Pollution Response Officer
A person designated by the Minister as a Pollution Response Officer pursuant to section 174.1(1) of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001.
Regional Chapter
The plan established in each Canadian Coast Guard Region that details roles and procedures that the Region implements to ensure an appropriate response to a marine pollution incident.
Regional Emergency Coordination Centre
Provides operational support to all programs and operational units and acts as the main incident notification and coordination point for the Environmental Response program.
Resources
Equipment, personnel and other assets, either contracted or owned, utilized in a response to a marine pollution incident.
Response Operation
The activities undertaken following a discharge or threat of discharge as defined under section 181(4) of the Canada Shipping Act,2001.
Response Organization
Any person in Canada in respect of which a certificate of designation is issued by Transport Canada pursuant to section 169(1) of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001, for the purposes of responding to a marine pollution incident.
Risk-based Regional Response Planning
A holistic risk-based approach to environmental response planning that takes into account unique regional, ecological, geological and socio-economic factors.
Ship (Vessel)
Means any vessel or craft designed, used or capable of being used solely or partly for navigation, without regard to its method of propulsion or lack of propulsion, and includes:
  1. a ship in the process of construction from the time that it is capable of floating; and
  2. a ship that has been stranded, wrecked or sunk and any part of a ship that has broken up. (navire) (Marine Liability Act, Part 6 Section 75)
Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan/Oil Pollution Emergency Plan
The plan which a vessel is required to have in accordance with Part 9 of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001 and an oil handling facility is required to have in accordance with Part 8 of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001. (Plan d'urgence en cas de pollution par les hydrocarbures à bord du bâtiment/Plan d'urgence en cas de pollution par les hydrocarbures)
Ship-source pollution incident
Refers to a discharge or threat of a discharge of a pollutant from a ship into the marine environment.
Vessel of Opportunity
A vessel outside of an organization’s fleet that is available and may be contracted or directed to conduct specific services for that organization.
Date modified: