International emergency response cooperation for marine pollution
When marine pollution incidents affect waters that connect 2 or more countries, we work with other countries to ensure appropriate responses.
Several agreements help us in this assistance exchange. For example, our agreement with the U.S. includes response plan outlines and definitions of each country’s roles and responsibilities during clean-up efforts.
Response in the Arctic
We have an agreement with other arctic nations for responding to marine oil pollution when 2 or more arctic nations are impacted.
This agreement outlines the procedures for incidents, including actions for notifying and requesting assistance.
International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness
Canada is a participant in the International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness. During a major incident, this agreement allows:
- Canada to ask other participating nations for help
- other participating nations to ask Canada for help
We practice our joint emergency plans with other nations to ensure our response operations are efficient.
For example, we have 5 area plans with the U.S. and each must be exercised regularly to make sure we’re ready for emergencies.
- Canada-US Joint Contingency Plan [PDF]
- International Boundary Waters Treaty, 1909
- Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, 2012
- Declaration on the Establishment of the Arctic Council
- International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness [PDF]
- Canada-United States Joint Marine Pollution Contingency Plan [PDF]
- Canada-Denmark Agreement for Cooperation Relating to the Marine Environment
- Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic
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