Canada’s far north is a fundamental part of Canada – our heritage, our future, our identity. The north is undergoing rapid changes and domestic and international interest in the Arctic region is rising. This growing interest highlights the importance of Canada to exercise leadership both at home and abroad.
The Coast Guard has a long and proud history of providing services to the north, for example, through icebreaking and northern resupply. This presence has also helped to protect and secure Canada’s sovereignty, advance the government’s Northern Strategy and keep Arctic waterways open, safe and clean.
From a Maritime Security perspective, the Coast Guard has various services and systems that contribute to maritime domain awareness in the Arctic including, but not limited to: Marine Security Operations Centres; Northern Canada Vessel Traffic Services; and, participation in various Arctic-centric forums such as the Arctic Security Working Group and the Interdepartmental Intelligence Working Group.
Additionally, as prescribed by the International Maritime Organization and in conjunction with various domestic and international partners, CCG has established the Long Range Identification & Tracking system which allows CCG to track foreign vessels transiting in Arctic waters up to 84.5°N and out to 1,000 nautical miles for vessels transiting in our coastal waters and 2,000 nautical miles for vessels who are destined for Canadian ports.
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