ARCHIVED - The Canadian Coast Guard’s Years of Expansion (1962-2005)
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Although its heritage can be traced back in time prior to Confederation, the official Canadian Coast Guard was created on January 26th, 1962 when the Honourable Leon Balcer, Minister of Transport rose in the House of Commons and announced that the Department of Transport fleet of ships would, in the future, be known as the Canadian Coast Guard.
The CCG Badge was approved by the Queen in 1962. It was created to symbolize the Canadian Coast Guard through different symbols. On the badge, one side is blue and the other is white. These colors symbolize the water in blue and the ice in white. The red maple leaf on the white part of the badge represents the emblem of Canada while the two golden dolphins represent the vessels of the Canadian Coast Guard. The dolphins, long known as a friend of mariners, are considered an appropriate symbol to this organization whose primary concern is safety in Canadian waters. The badge is enclosed within a rope frame with a knot tied at the base. This element, a very important part of life at sea, is another proud symbol of the Canadian Coast Guard. Finally, to indicate that CCG ships are in the service of the Queen in right of Canada, the badge is surmounted by the Royal Crown.
During its early days, the Canadian Coast Guard largely expanded its fleet. The ships received from the Marine Service were scheduled for replacement while new ships were commissioned. With such an important expansion of its fleet, the Canadian Coast Guard needed to train hundreds of new officers and crewmembers. That is when the Canadian Coast Guard College was built first on a former navy base in Point Edward, Nova Scotia and later, as the demand for more seagoing personnel grew, a facility was built in Sydney, Nova Scotia.
In 1995, in order to achieve cost savings, the Canadian Coast Guard transferred to the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) in order to gather the two largest civilian fleets within the federal government under one department. DFO Science vessels and the Fisheries Conservation and Protection Fleet were incorporated with the Coast Guard Fleet. To better serve Canadians, the federal government started investigating the possibility to give CCG more independence by transforming it into a separate agency within DFO.
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