This section addresses most types of oil transfers from tank trucks into marine-based storage.
For an official definition of "Vessel", see the "Glossary" in the "About this Manual" section of this document.
9.1 Trained Receivers
The marine representative may not be familiar with his or her responsibilities regarding the safe operating procedures required for oil transfer.
Because of the importance of the marine representative's role in spill safety, prevention and response, drivers must be aware of the risks associated with delivering to untrained marine representatives.
Before making any delivery the driver must ensure that the marine representative receives instructions and understands their responsibilities.
For more information, see the "Responsibilities" section in this document.
9.2 Vessel Refueling Information
Before making the delivery it may be helpful for the driver to have a clear understanding of the pertinent features of the vessel. Before arranging for the delivery, the marine representative should provide the driver with the following information:
- Proximity of the vessel to the truck parking location
- A sketch of fill and vent locations on the vessel
- Fill connection type and size
- Number of tanks
9.3 Pleasure Craft
Drivers should not refuel pleasure craft from tank trucks for the following reasons:
- Pleasure craft are normally used in public areas, without good access for tank trucks
- The volumes carried by pleasure craft tanks are generally very small, and not suited for the high flowrate provided by tank truck systems
- The venting systems in pleasure craft are generally intended for low flowrates and create the potential for spillage if filled at too high a flowrate or if the tank is filled too full.
9.4 Permanently-Mounted Tanks On Vessels
Vessels carrying oil as cargo in permanently mounted tanks must meet the requirements of the Oil Pollution Prevention Regulations under the Canada Shipping Act.
9.5 Portable Tanks On Vessels
Portable tanks on vessels are regulated under the International Marine Dangerous Goods (IMDG) code and must comply with the Canada Shipping Act (CSA).
In addition to these requirements, the driver should ensure the tanks have the following:
- Portable tanks should be adequately secured to the structure of the vessel
- Placards are necessary to comply with TDG.
- Proper identification is needed at the fill opening using tags meeting CPPI standards. For more information, see the CPPI Petroleum Products Professional Driver's Manual.
- Bonding is in place between the vessel and the tank.
- Questions regarding specific applications should be directed to the Marine Safety branch of Transport Canada at (604) 666-3636.
- Containment around the fill opening is required to protect against spillage.
The size of the containment basin is set out in the Oil Pollution Prevention Regulations (CSA), and depends on the diameter of the delivery hose:
- Hose diameter up to 2" (51 mm): containment volume 0.08 m3 (80 litres)
- Hoses larger than 2" (51 mm) require containment volume 0.16 m3 (160 litres)
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